A couple of hours later I got up and got ready for school, and then noticed my cat was hiding behind my bedroom door. This being unusual behavior for her, I investigated what she was doing. Out scurried a cockroach from under her distracted paw. Suddenly, the early morning puking session made so much more sense.
Needless to say, I spent my morning cleaning the kitchen.
Update: According to Arwen, my landlord it was a wood roach, so probably not an infestation.
Wood roaches do not thrive and reproduce in homes because they require the consistently moist environment of their natural habitats such as under wood piles or loose bark and in decaying logs. Indoors, their presence is strictly a temporary annoyance. They do not harm the house structure, furnishings or occupants.